The level of child undernutrition remains unacceptable throughout the world, with 90 percent of the developing world’s chronically undernourished (stunted) children living in Asia and Africa. In India 20 percent of children under five years of age suffer from wasting due to acute undernutrition. More than one-third of the world’s children who are wasted live in India. Undernutrition is associated with high rates of mortality and morbidity, and is an underlying factor in between one-third and one-half of all children under five years who die each year of preventable causes. Strong evidence exists on the synergism between undernutrition and child mortality due to common childhood illnesses including diarrhoea, acute respiratory infections, malaria and measles. To prevent deaths due to Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) specialised treatment and prevention interventions are required.
Nutrition Status of Rajasthan
According to NFHS-3, 20% of the children under 3 years of age in Rajasthan were wasted, 34% were stunted and 44% were underweight. 20.4% of the children under five suffered from wasting and 7.3% suffered from severe acute malnutrition. This means that around 620,000 children in Rajasthan needed emergency treatment in 2006. From the demographic groups, it is evident that children from Schedule Tribes had the highest prevalence of SAM (8.4%) compared to children from Schedule Castes (7.4%) and other Backward Classes (5.2%). Infant mortality rates are similar in Rural and Urban areas, with an average of 65 deaths per 1000 live births in the last few years while the under five mortality rate remains high at 79.
Capacity building of mothers in Malnutrition Treatment Centre at Dungarpur district
April 2013 to March 2014
Location/ Project Area: Dungarpur district of Rajasthan state
Project Funded by UNICEF Rajasthan